Updated: Jul 4, 2021
Despite the fact that even in the post-industrial time, the emphasis is mostly placed on the development of technologies, production processes are still regulated not only at the global level, but also in small details. One of the striking examples of this control is the creation of international standards that regulate not only the process of introducing technologies into existing production, or into large corporations, but also small parts, such as wires, nuts, screws, and the like. When it comes to equipment for construction, transportation, as well as similar industries, the issue of having international standards becomes not a recommendation, but a mandatory aspect for productive development. That is why if you operate in an area where technologies such as cranes or trucks are used, pay attention to the following list of standards.
Cranes - Bridge and gantry cranes
When using large-sized equipment, it is necessary to take into account each stage of the introduction of new technologies as well as the construction of the entire system. After all, this type of equipment has a huge impact on any kind of results of the activities carried out. One of the international standards governing industrial activities and equipment used in it is EN 15011: 2020.
This document applies to bridge and gantry cranes able to travel by wheels on rails, runways or roadway surfaces, and to gantry cranes without wheels mounted in a stationary position.
NOTE Light crane systems (assembly of lifting devices, crane bridges, trolleys and tracks; wall-mounted, pillar and workshop jib cranes) are covered by EN 16851.
This document specifies requirements for all significant hazards, hazardous situations and events relevant to bridge and gantry cranes when used as intended and under conditions foreseen by the manufacturer (see Clause 4).
This document does not include requirements for the lifting of persons.
The specific hazards due to potentially explosive atmospheres, ionising radiation and operation in electromagnetic environment beyond the scope of EN 61000-6-2 are not covered by this document.
This document is applicable to bridge and gantry cranes manufactured after the date of its publication as a European standard.
You should pay attention to the fact that this document specializes in most of the technical parameters and characteristics of the equipment, as well as the methods of its application. The description of this standard also indicates the subcategories to which it is not relevant. If you are interested in them, then perhaps one of the following standards will be more useful to you than the above.
Powered industrial trucks - Visibility - Test methods and verification - Part 5: Industrial variable-reach trucks greater than 10 000 kg capacity
Test methods are integral to creating the final quality product. Despite the fact that this stage is not sufficiently structured, international standards are also created for it. One of the international documents regulating test methods and verification for industrial activities is EN 16842-5: 2021.
This document specifies the requirements and test procedures for 360° visibility of sit on self-propelled industrial variable-reach trucks (herein after referred to as trucks) without a load, with a capacity greater than 10 000 kg in accordance with ISO 5053-1. It is intended be used in conjunction with EN 16842 1.
Where specific requirements in this part are modified from the general requirements in EN 16842-1, the requirements of this part are truck specific and to be used for sit-on self-propelled industrial variable-reach trucks with a capacity greater than 10 000 kg.
This part of EN 16842 deals with all significant hazards, hazardous situations or hazardous events, relevant to the visibility of the operator for applicable machines when used as intended and under conditions of misuse which are reasonably foreseeable by the manufacturer.
This document does not deal with rough-terrain variable-reach trucks (see EN 15830).
A sufficient number of detailed technical specifications will allow you not only to check it with the technological base of your organization, but also possibly clarify those aspects that require improvement and adaptation to new market rules.
Tower cranes - Anti-collision systems - Safety requirements
Security issues are one of the key issues in the modern world, both in the construction of global systems and in small industries. When it comes again to large-sized equipment, a large number of questions arise related to the safety of its operation, which is why a huge number of international standards are being created, one of which is EN 17076: 2020.
This document specifies the requirements of anti-collision devices and systems installed on tower cranes (as defined in EN 14439) to avoid the risks of collision between several cranes in service, between a crane in use and fixed obstacles, and over prohibited zones.
It also specifies the requirements for working range limiting devices.
Anti-collision devices and systems and working range limiting devices according to this document are safety components.
It applies to anti-collision devices manufactured after the publication of this document.
NOTE For anti-collision systems used to avoid the risk of collision with power lines, additional requirements might be necessary.
This document defines the safety characteristics and requirements of anti-collision devices and systems intended for installation on self-erecting tower cranes and tower cranes erected from parts.
- performance level;
- information to be provided by the sensors installed on the crane;
- operation, particularly in the event of failure, override and free jib slewing states of a crane;
- type of communication between devices;
- information for the crane operator and outside indicator.
It also specifies the requirements for marking the device or the system and the content of the instructions for use.
The significant hazards covered by this document are identified in Clause 4.
This document is not applicable to anti-collision devices and systems which are manufactured before the date of publication by CEN of this document.
A company that cares about its reputation and the quality of its products as well as financial results will definitely pay attention to safety issues. That is why if you are interested in productive development as well as growth and scaling, we strongly recommend that you have this standard available and be sure that the safety issues of operation of large equipment are closed for you.
Cranes - Light crane systems
Since there are a huge number of varieties in any type of equipment, therefore, a separate international regulatory legal act is created for each of the types, which allows you to more clearly understand the requirements for individual subcategories and improve existing systems at the global level. One of the following significant international standards (with an explanatory supplement) today is EN 16851: 2017 + A1: 2020.
This document applies to:
- light crane systems, either suspended or free-standing systems, where the rated capacity of any single lifting device is 4 t or less;
- pillar and wall-mounted jib cranes, without an operator's cabin, whose rated capacity is 10 t or less and whose overturning load moment is 500 kNm or less.
NOTE For illustration of crane types, see Annex B.
This document is not applicable to cranes covered by another product specific crane standard, e.g. EN 15011:2011+A1:2014 or EN 14985:2012.
This document is applicable to cranes and crane systems, whose structures are made of steel or aluminium, excluding aluminium structures containing welded joints.
This document gives requirements for all significant hazards, hazardous situations and events relevant to cranes, when used as intended and under conditions foreseen by the manufacturer (see Clause 4).
The specific hazards due to potentially explosive atmospheres, ionizing radiation, operation in electro-magnetic fields beyond the range of EN 61000 6 2:2016 and operation in pharmacy or food industry are not covered by this document.
This document does not cover hazards related to the lifting of persons.
This document is applicable to cranes, which are manufactured after the date of its publication by CEN as a European Standard.
This document is not applicable to cranes manufactured before the date of its publication.
Please note that this type of technical international standard is suitable for the European Union market. If you are interested in similar international standards, but for a more global scale, you can follow the link to the site attached in the description to each standard and see the list of different standards. Thus, you can choose exactly for your organization and achieve a leading position in the global market of your industry.
The correct selection of the international standard is just the beginning of the path to the top of the industry
Since any technology and its operation has a large number of features and characteristics, the correct selection of an international document becomes a complex action that requires not only awareness of the documentary base of your organization (namely the technical base), but also awareness of the latest market requirements. If you do not know which standard is necessary for the development of your production or business activities, you can always consult with a team of our specialists who will select the most suitable document for you that brings the most productive results.