International standards on military affairs
The military industry has been attracting attention in recent years as a category that introduces innovative technology. Despite the fact that the manufacture of weapons, military equipment, and the associated parts for their provision is an a priori dangerous industry, many safety standards and regulations have been made and must be manufactured according to. Such standards are international standards and specify a set of requirements related to the geometry, chemical and physical properties and parameters of military equipment and industry as a whole. Despite the fact that technology has improved and even weapons are somehow automated, human contact in using them has a certain effect. Certain international standards have been developed for maximum protection and normalization of the military industry. I will introduce the main ones among them.
Acoustics - Noise from shooting ranges - Part 6: Near-source sound pressure measurements to determine noise exposure (ISO 17201-6:2021)
SIST EN ISO 17201-6:2022
As for the use of specific weapons, a training process for their operation is carried out, so that safety standards are checked at the same time and other potential risks are anticipated. Weapons are manufactured according to specific standards, including SIST EN ISO 17201-6:2022, to significantly minimize acoustic damage from weapon use.
This document specifies a method for recording the time history of sound pressure produced by either gunfire less than 20 mm caliber or explosive charge detonation less than 50 g TNT equivalent. shooter or others within firing range. The sound pressure time course is the basis for further analysis of this type of sound at the location of interest.
International standards related to the manufacture of weapons are characterized by a large number of amendments and footnotes that should be taken into account when creating specific types of weapons. If you are interested in other international standards on this subject, please visit our website for a complete list.
Acoustics - Noise from shooting ranges - Part 1: Determination of muzzle blast by measurement (ISO 17201-1:2018)
SIST EN ISO 17201-1:2019
Even if at first glance the category of international standards seems sufficient for production, within the category of standards there are certain subcategories with certain additions. One of the most prominent examples is SIST EN ISO 17201-1:2019.
This document specifies a method for determining the source energy of muzzle blasts for calibers less than 20 mm or explosive charges less than 50 g TNT equivalent. This applies to distances where peak pressures of less than 1 kPa (equivalent to a peak sound pressure level of 154 dB) are observed. The source energy, source directivity and its spectral structure determined in this way can be used as input data for a sound propagation program that allows prediction of gunshot noise near the firing range.
Additionally, the data can be used to compare the acoustic emissions of different types of weapons or different types of ammunition used in the same weapon.
This document applies to weapons used in civilian firing ranges, but is also applicable to military weapons. It does not apply to assessing hearing impairments or non-linear ranges of sound levels.
Mufflers and silencers are not considered in this document. The impact of noise during weapon operation cannot be underestimated. This is because, despite compliance with all technical norms and rules, weapons have certain parameters that can adversely affect their use and sometimes even lead to death.
Acoustics - Noise from Firing Ranges - Part 3: Sound Propagation Calculations
SIST EN ISO 17201-3:2019
Determining the sound frequencies of a weapon that can cause damage during operation requires clearly standardized rules for measuring it. These rules are documented in specially prepared legal documents such as SIST EN ISO 17201-3:2019.
This document specifies a method for predicting gunshot noise exposure levels for his single shot at a given reception point.
Guidelines are given for calculating other acoustic indices from noise exposure levels. The prediction is based on the muzzle blast angular source energy distribution as defined in ISO 17201-1 or calculated using the ISO 17201-2 values.
This document applies to weapons with a caliber of less than 20 mm or explosive charges of less than 50 g, equivalent to TNT to the extent that the peak pressure, including the sound contribution, is less than 1 kPa (154 dB).
When purchasing this document, it is important to consider that the defense industry is regulated at the national level in addition to generally accepted European and global standards. Therefore, before obtaining an international standard, it is advisable to consult experts for the details of its application.
Quality Management Systems - Requirements for Aerospace and Defense Organizations - Deliverable Software (Supplement to EN 9100)
SIST EN 9115:2018
Despite the fact that most international standards for the military industry are created directly for the production and operation of weapons, certain software is also actively used, requiring regulation by laws and regulatory bodies is. One of the clearest examples of such regulations is the international standard SIST EN 9115:2018.
EN 9100 requirements apply to software with the following specifications:
This European standard complements the requirements of the EN 9100 standard for deliverable software and provides quality management system requirements for organizations designing, developing and/or producing deliverable software and services for the aerospace and defense industry. This includes, where necessary, supporting software used to develop and maintain the software and services available.
This deliverable software may also be part of a service (eg, cloud environment, web-hosted solution or platform).
If the use of a Hardware Description Language (HDL) or higher language is used as the design source for electronic hardware [e.g. B. Application Specific Integrated Circuits (ASICs), Programmable Logic Devices (PLDs)]; and Customer and/or Supplier agree to the scope of this Addendum.
NOTE Refer to RTCA/DO-254 or EUROCAE ED-80 for airborne electronic hardware guidance. See EN 9100, Section 8 for operational requirements.
If commercial off-the-shelf (COTS) or nondevelopment software is incorporated into a shippable product, the organization and the customer agree to the scope of this Supplement.
For the purposes of this document, the terms "product" and "software product" are considered synonymous. For the purposes of this document, the term "service" can be considered a product.
This document should pay special attention to organizations directly involved in the development of software in the military industry. The standard contains a number of language clarifications that by using it can greatly reduce the risks involved in deciding to sell the software you create.
The Need for International Standards When Participating in Military Activities
Over the past year, the military sector has become one of the most discussed in one way or another, not only in the local framework of a particular region of the world, but also on a global scale.As a result, most business processes are Subject to certain rules and regulations, depending on the pace of the rapidly changing global market. In the modern situation, your organization or company not only endures and evolves at a high level of competition, but also achieves new qualitative and quantitative indicators, especially at the global level, to gain more market presence, presence and compliance. We follow international standards so that we can cover one of the most important aspects in international trade today.