Standardization of the international garment industry
The clothing industry is still primarily associated with beauty, fashion, and more aesthetic settings. Over the centuries, this industry has not stopped growing, but also gaining momentum on a global scale. Although the aesthetic aspect of the clothing industry is the first thing that comes to mind, we must not forget that behind a good image are months of work, business processes, calculations, mathematics and a large number of technological aspects. Today, this industry is global and covers all countries as the demand is increasing. At the same time, the number of international standards governing the clothing industry is increasing. We will introduce you to the most relevant and important of them today.
Specifying clothing sizes - Part 3: Method of creating tables and ranges of body measurements
Due to the global prevalence of the apparel industry and different measurement standards in different locations, international standards such as ISO 8559-3:2018 were created to unify the system and simplify trade. international trade in this industry. This document describes the principles of setting up tables of measures, identifying table types (with respect to time periods), and listing population groups (infants, girls, boys, children, etc.) , women, men) and subgroups were used to develop Dressing readiness.
Body measurement tables and distances are mainly used by the apparel industry to make it easier and more accurate to develop products that fit. The method described is mainly based on the application of statistical analysis, using data on body size. Stats have been intentionally kept low to make the content easy to understand for as wide a audience as possible. This method is applicable to different sets of body sizes.
It may be useful to define intervals for size designation as described in ISO 8559-2. The values in the tables in this document are examples. Clothing sizes are not included in this material. It is necessary to use a common approach with built-in flexibility, to keep the whole sizing system adaptable to changes (e.g. demographic criteria), because of the shape and proportions. body proportions of a target population are significantly different. NOTE ISO 15535 can be useful for recording and organizing demographic data. Since measurement processes have a significant impact on the construction of the size grid and thus on the correct perception of size by consumers, if you plan to disperse your textile operations across the vi global, we recommend that you have this document. Textiles
Methods for assessing the appearance of garments and other end textile articles after washing and drying in water (ISO 15487:2018)
SIST EN ISO 15487:2018
Certain fabric treatments can significantly affect the quality and therefore the presentation of the fabric. To date, a large number of specialized equipment for drying and washing fabrics has been created, in accordance with its characteristics. These aspects of business processes in the apparel industry are regulated by documents such as SIST EN ISO 15487:2018.
This International Standard specifies a test method for assessing the appearance of garments and other finished textile products after one or more home washing and drying treatments. Appearance assessed includes color change, lint, lint, fabric dullness, fabric flatness and seam flatness, and retention of sunken wrinkles in clothing and textile products. other, damaged parts - buttons, buttons, zippers, etc. This document applies to any washable final textile of any textile construction. Sewing and pleating techniques are not included for the purpose of evaluating finished textile products supplied by the manufacturer or ready for use. The technique of pleating and seam is controlled by the properties of the fabric. This method was developed primarily for use with class B household washing machines as defined in ISO 6330, but can be used with any type of machine defined in ISO 6330. It has been found that prints and patterns can mask wrinkles found in finished textile products. However, the evaluation process is based on the visual appearance of the specimen including such effects. Since the subject matter of garment or textile processing is quite large and may involve several operations and a large amount of equipment, it is understood that qualitative results can only be achieved if a normally integrated approach is applied. normalize.
Safety of children's clothing - Drawstrings and drawstrings on children's clothing - Specifications
SIST EN 14682:2015
Children's clothing is one of the most popular product categories in the industry. At first glance, the increased demand significantly reduces the competitive aspects, however, the quality indicators in this clothing category have a huge impact. To date, there are several international standards governing the production of children's clothing, one of which is SIST EN 14682:2015. This European Standard specifies requirements for drawstrings and drawstrings for children's clothing, including luxury dresses and skiwear, up to the age of 14. Within the scope of this European Standard, it is not possible to cover all the potential risks that could create unsafe clothing. Conversely, specific identifiable hazards in certain clothing styles/designs may not pose risks for certain age groups. A personal risk assessment should be performed on any garment to ensure that it poses no danger to the wearer.
This European Standard does not apply to the following (see Annex C for reasons):
a) baby care and supplies, such as bibs, diapers and pacifier clips;
b) shoes, boots and similar footwear;
c) gloves, hats, hats and scarves;
d) a tie designed to be worn with a shirt or blouse;
e) straps, other than covered lanyards;
f) shoulder strap;
g) religious clothing;
h) festive attire such as that worn during civil or religious ceremonies, national or regional holidays, provided that such attire is worn for a limited time and with supervision;
i) specialized sportswear
j) theatrical costumes used for theatrical performances;
k) aprons designed to be worn over daytime clothing, for limited periods and under supervision, to protect clothing from soiling during activities such as painting, cooking or while eating;
(l) bags and purses. A feature of this document is that it is quite multidisciplinary and can therefore serve as a good basis for the formation of a full range of international business standardization. That is why, if your company is engaged in the production of clothing, we strongly recommend this international standard.
Children's clothing safety - Design and manufacture recommendations for children's clothing - Mechanical safety
As the production of children's clothing uses a large number of parts and accessories that can be dangerous if used incorrectly. This is why children's clothing is specified according to international standards, including CEN/TR 16792:2014. This technical report also provides recommendations on the safety aspects of children's clothing packaging and presentation, including advice for retailers. This Technical Report applies to clothing, including caps, hats, gloves, scarves, socks and other clothing accessories intended for all children 14 years of age and younger. We recommend that apparel meet the recommendations of this Technical Report in addition to the requirements of EN 71. This Technical Report is intended for use at all stages of the pants supply chain. clothing, including creators, prescribers and manufacturers for children. clothes. It is also intended for use by importers, distributors and retailers to help them choose safe garments. This technical report does not apply to:
a) baby care supplies, such as bibs, diapers and pacifier clips;
(b) footwear, such as boots, shoes and sandals; or
(c) toys and other articles sold with clothing;
This Technical Report does not contain recommendations on clothing characteristics that may be required to meet the needs of children with special needs. . A feature of this international standard is a comprehensive guide to the use of zippers in the manufacture of children's clothing, as well as a definition of the type, the material from which they are made and the method of application. If your activity involves the production of children's clothing, we recommend that you apply this international standard to ensure a high level of safety for the goods produced.
The importance of international standards for companies of all sizes
Today, the apparel industry is one of the most competitive. Businesses appear there every day, and as a result the saturation of the market reaches considerable levels. In order for companies to not only develop, but at least maintain their existing position in the face of competitors, one of the main conditions has always been and will be quality. The production of quality products can only conform to the standards set forth in international standards. As a result, usability will significantly strengthen your company's position and protect it from being left out of the market.